The National Emergency Operations Centre (NEOC) is the federal centre of expertise for exceptional events. It can be contacted around the clock, 365 days of the year, and can be mobilised within hours. The NEOC is a division of the Federal Office for Civil Protection (FOCP).
One of its tasks is the management of incidents involving real or suspected increases in radioactivity, large-scale chemical accidents, overflowing or rupturing of dams, as well as risks related to both satellite re-entry and natural hazards. In any event involving radioactivity, it is charged with ordering immediate measures to protect the population. Regardless of the type of emergency, the NEOC is the first point of contact for the cantons on all civil protection issues. Furthermore, in 2007 the NEOC was commissioned to run the federal Reporting and Situation Centre (MLZ). The necessary networks and instruments are constantly improved.