There are a number of laboratories whose facilities are available to the Emergency Organisation Radioactivity EOR that can measure environmental samples and those from animal feed and foodstuffs. They transmit all their results to the NEOC, which then evaluates them. The NEOC also draws up radiation maps and continually monitors the effectiveness of the prescribed measures. Specialised labs, cantonal laboratories and the NBC laboratory of the armed forces are involved.

The following are designated as special laboratories: Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), the Section Environmental Radioactivity of the Federal Office of Health (URA), the Institute for Radiophysics (IRA), the Spiez Laboratory (LS) and the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG). With their excellent sampling and measuring equipment, and of course thanks to the expertise of their staff, these laboratories are capable of collecting, preparing and analysing special samples.

Should an incident occur, the cantonal laboratories work closely with the Federal Task Force. Several cantonal laboratories are also equipped with high-resolution gamma spectrometers. Part and parcel of their day-to-day activities is the routine measurement of radioactivity, above all in foodstuffs.